Most people dream of a comfortable retirement. One might want to travel or fund their education or simply relax without having to constantly worry about their finances. Thus, planning for retirement is one of the crucial aspects of financial planning. It is an essential step in order to ensure one’s economic independence and fulfillment of personal goals after one is no longer earning a regular income.
Retirement planning ensures that necessary steps are taken today to prepare for the future so that one may meet their day-to-day requirements and other specific needs without worrying about expenses or being dependent on someone. Factors like time horizon, personal targets, taxes, and more, come into play, making retirement planning complex, and therefore all the more necessary. Given the varying and complex factors, one must consider while planning for retirement, consulting a financial advisor for proper financial planning guidance is highly recommended.
At the outset, a sum of around $500,000 may look like an ample corpus to afford you a comfortable retirement. However, is it a good enough financial goal to target during your earning years, given rising inflation and the cost of healthcare? Let’s explore.
5 factors to consider while creating your retirement plan
Everyone needs to undertake comprehensive and systematic steps for a smooth retirement. The following are factors to consider while creating your retirement plan:
1. How much time you have before you retire: The number of years between your age today and your anticipated retirement age are the initial variables to look at when planning a successful retirement strategy.
These variables tell you the time/years you have left until your retirement, which can be a critical determinant with respect to the risk profile of your portfolio. If you have a good number of years until retirement, then in that case, you can afford to take larger risks with investments. In addition, it is always advised to start saving for retirement from an early age to reap the benefit of compounding.
On the other hand, if you have fewer years left until you retire, your portfolio should have more weightage on products and assets that help preserve your wealth and generate steady income. This implies a greater allocation in assets that will remain steady and provide regular income in the form of interest.
A good strategy to adopt for enhancing your retirement plan is to bifurcate your retirement plan into several different segments. For instance, if a parent wishes to retire in five years, cover the child’s education expenses till they turn 18, go for a vacation to France, and finally move to San Francisco. In this example, the retirement plan can be broken into four stages:
- Five years left till retirement (money is contributed during this time towards the retirement fund)
- Saving up after retirement in order to pay for college
- Setting aside some of the retirement fund for the vacation
- Moving to San Francisco (withdrawals are made from the retirement funds to cover day to day expenses)
A multi-phase retirement plan must incorporate various time horizons, emergencies, and cash requirements to have a smooth after retired life. Rebalancing the portfolio over time is also crucial for an effective retirement strategy.
2. Your retirement expenses: The majority assume that their annual spending will drastically reduce compared to their current expenditure once they retire. This assumption is largely biased and can lead to uncomfortable situations if unforeseen medical expenses occur or any other emergency arises. Retirees also have been observed to overspend on travel or other goals that have been a part of their wish list during their first few years of retirement.
Since the living costs, medical expenses, and other general expenses have been reaching new highs every year, experts suggest that people should expect their retirement spending to be almost equal to their current expenditure. Hence in order for retirees to procure enough savings for retirement, they should save and invest accordingly.
Having a fair idea of your expenses and, therefore, your withdrawal rate can tell you how much to invest in your retirement account. In the scenario where you do not estimate your expenses correctly, you may outlive your retirement fund. Your approximate lifespan is also a critical variable that should be factored in while planning for retirement to avoid outlasting your savings.
In addition, specific outlays like plans to purchase a house or cover your children’s education also need to be considered for comprehensive retirement planning.
3. Your rate of return after adjusting for tax: After looking at the anticipated time horizons and estimating the spending requirements, the next step is calculating the real after-tax return to know if the portfolio providing the required income is feasible.
A key advantage of starting retirement planning from an early age is that you can ensure a reasonable rate of return by increasing the size of your portfolio. If we consider an individual’s retirement portfolio is worth $500,000 and his income needs are approximately $60,000, assuming there are zero taxes, and the portfolio amount is preserved, then the individual would rely on an excessive 12% return to get going. But real-life scenarios are widely different. There are taxes besides inflation, interest rates, etc. Hence it becomes all the more necessary to pick the right instrument at the right time to heap maximum.
Have you taken inflation into consideration? Need help protecting your retirement funds from inflation? Answer a few questions on Paladin Registry and the free advisor match service can connect you with 1-3 professional financial fiduciaries that may be suited to help you manage your finances. You may set up an interview with the financial advisor before you decide to engage with one.
4. Your risk profile and investment goals: Another critical step in retirement planning is ensuring a portfolio allocation that is in sync with the investor’s risk appetite and returns targets.
The questions that one should be asking themselves are: What is your risk-return tradeoff? Should a part of your income be invested in very low-risk securities such as government bonds for financing your expenditures? Can you digest the volatility of equity markets? Can you risk a large part of your capital savings to stock investing?
It is necessary to ensure that the risk-return profile of your portfolio is in alignment with your preferences. Your risk appetite, return goals, etc should be discussed with your financial advisor as well as your family in detail to ensure holistic planning.
5. Your estate plans: Estate planning is also a primary step to construct a comprehensive retirement plan. Proper estate planning and life insurance are essential to ensure that your assets are dispensed according to your preference, and your loved ones are devoid of any financial hardship after your death. A detail-oriented will planning may also aid in preventing an expensive and lengthy probate process.
Another pivotal part of the estate planning process is taxes. An individual might face tax implications when he leaves his assets to family members or donates them to charity. Hence, such expenses should be assessed in order to make appropriate decisions. The retirement plan should cover inflation-adjusted living expenses whilst ensuring the preservation of capital.
Estate planning, like portfolio rebalancing, varies with time. In the early stage, matters related to making wills and power of attorney are given priority. Later, creating trust and dispersion of the assets will take prime importance.
How can one retire with $500k?
According to the famous 4% rule of thumb, your retirement will last for 30 years if your withdrawal rate is 4% in the first year of retirement and it is inflation-adjusted thereafter. Suppose you plan to retire with $500,000, then the calculations indicate that you shall live on $20,000 for 30 years, which is not a sufficient amount.
Whether you can live off $500k depends on numerous factors such as the ones mentioned in the previous sections- the age at which you plan to retire, your goals after you retire, and the size of your day-to-day expenditure.
In order to realize if $500k is a realistic target, you may create a mock retirement budget and analyze your spending patterns for some time. The budget should include basic living expenses like rent, food, essential everyday goods, transportation, medical expenses, luxury expenses, and travel. Nevertheless, the following are the means which may help stick to your planned budget.
- Ensuring there is no leftover mortgage to be paid
- No further educational expenses to be incurred
- Ensuring you have created a corpus for medical expenses
- Being content with a strictly budgeted lifestyle
- Planning to retire at a later age in order to make the most out of your social security benefits.
Focusing on the above-mentioned variables will surely help one construct an effective retirement strategy. The burden and cost of retirement planning are increasing continuously. Thus one should research and enquire about retirement benefit schemes like 401(k)s, defined benefit pensions which are present in the private sector, and Individual Retirement Accounts(IRA). It is beneficial to start planning for retirement early on, keeping in mind factors like taxes, inflations, and sometimes, unforeseen circumstances. You may want to reach out to your financial advisor to plan your retirement holistically.
Looking to connect with a qualified financial fiduciary to effectively plan for your retirement? Use Paladin Registry’s free advisor match tool to match with qualified advisors who may be able to help you with your specific queries and create customized plans for you. Answer a few questions and get matched with 1-3 fiduciaries suited to meet your unique financial needs. You may also set up a free initial consultation with them before deciding to hire one.
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